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It is probably long past time to introduce these fairly simply constructions. Demonstratives in Medieval Welsh behave as if they were adjectives. They fall after the noun and they have different masculine, feminine, and plural forms following the familiar vowel change pattern. When used in this fashion, they always appear in combination with the definite article.
The full paradigm is as follows:
|neuter and plural||hynn||hynny|
(This is the same set of vowel alternations you've seen in some adjectives, such as: m. crwnn, f. cronn, pl. crynnyon "round".)
In addition, these words may be used without a noun (either with or without the definite article) as a pronoun. In contrast with the usual pronouns, there is also a neuter version (which is identical with the plural) which can be used to refer to events, ideas, and the like in the singular. But if you are substituting for a specific noun, the appropriately gendered form is usually used.
Hynny can be used in this way to refer back to previous clauses.
Note for Modern Welsh learners: In Modern Welsh, these functions have been taken over by "yma" (here, this) and "yna" (there, that). The beginnings of this can be seen occasionally in Medieval Welsh where both systems are used for emphasis.
Translate the following into Welsh.
Key to the Exercise
Contact me -- or go to the entrance to my general web site.